This article recalls everything you need to know about electrical installations when you live in a rental property.
Electricity is a necessary commodity for our homes. Knowing the electrical safety of the property or home you own or rent is vitally important. As a landlord, you are legally bound to keep your property habitable and safe for tenants.
If you’re a landlord, our article outlines several installation guidelines for keeping your rental property electrically safe and provides helpful tips for keeping your tenants safe. And as a tenant, you must follow certain instructions before and after renting your accommodation.
One important thing to look at is the outlets for rental homes. Bring a small device to plug into each outlet you find when visiting an apartment to make sure they are all functional.
When inspecting homes, it is not necessary to count the number of sockets in each room. Make sure the amperage is sufficient. For example, a kitchen should have a circuit breaker over 15 amps.
Landlords should therefore install a combination of high and low capacitive outlets in their tenants’ homes depending on the interior.
As a tenant, you need to know how many outlets on a 15 amp circuit are allowed and primary load capacity rules. For example, you can plug a 15 amp plug into a 20 amp outlet, but not a 20 amp plug into a 15 amp outlet.
Understanding the Electrical Installation Status Report
Reports on the condition of electrical installations are called EICR. This is a formal document that is created once a property’s electrical installation has been assessed. A certified electrician with experience should complete it.
If you are a landlord, EICR reports are important because you need to ensure that the residences you rent to tenants are safe. It formally declares that the installation is safe for continued use (at least for the next five years) or lists any suggested or necessary repairs.
This gives you a statement that your tenants and properties are electrically safe. An EICR report covers the following aspects of a property’s electrical installation:
- Outlets: Test voltage and appropriate current flow multimeter or voltage detector.
- All electrical connections: For any faulty connection or broken component.
- consumer unit: Test of the distribution board for the operation of the circuit breakers.
- Visible wiring: Inspect for live wiring or damaged connections.
If your rental agreement states that you provide electrical appliances to tenants, be sure to register all of them with the dealer or manufacturer. This means that if any problem occurs with them in the future, you can get a replacement or a repair from the manufacturer themselves.
Even if you think it’s not important or relevant, registering your equipment makes your home safer by eliminating any potential electrical hazards.
It is recommended that you register the appliances most likely to have long-term problems, such as water heaters and water heaters, kettles, irons, ovens, etc. It is also recommended that you hire a licensed electrician for any work on your property should the need arise.
Inform of any electrical problem
Never perform your own electrical repairs; that’s the most important thing. As a tenant living in a rented property, you are required to report any electrical problem to your landlord as soon as it appears or you think it is likely to occur.
A prolonged delay in identifying the problem can lead to incidents such as electric shocks or even fire. In fact, electrical fires are among the worst in the United States, killing up to 500 people a year and injuring thousands more.
The good news is that if you can identify the early signs of malfunction in your home, many household electrical fires can be prevented.
You can take safety measures on your own when using electrical devices, such as unplugging after use, careful use of power strips, and limiting use during thunderstorms. Make sure there are no exposed cables or leaks before plugging in your device.
Tenants can also obtain a plan of the electrical system of their rented property from their landlords. Knowing more about your home’s electrical system can help you identify potential hazards once you become familiar with the system.
Installation of electrical equipment
The location and dimensions of electrical equipment are very subjective in a rented property. Most of the time, the locations mentioned in the drawings are considered to be approximate.
For rental properties, it is suggested to maintain more or less the mounting measurements below for a safe and ideal electrical system experience for tenants.
- All rocker or control switches, such as selectors and light switches, should be placed 120 cm from the bottom of the finished floor box.
- Television, telephone and other related outlets should be placed 30cm from the bottom of the box to the finished floor.
- Power panels, lighting and other auxiliary systems are 200 cm from the top of the panel to the finished floor. Fire alarm pull switches 120cm from the finished floor above to the bottom of the box.
- All socket outlets in toilets and kitchen should be mounted 120cm above finished floor level. In addition, a lightning rod must be mounted on the roof of the house.
The mounting height of other electrical compartments should follow the recommendations of the equipment manufacturer.
Knowing the rules of electrical installation is vital for property investors and people considering renting a property. If you’re a family, make sure the kids know about safe and responsible ways to use electricity and electrical appliances.
In this article, our guidelines outline your duties to keep your rental property electrically safe and provide helpful tips for keeping your tenants safe.